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r1075 - trunk robert Fri Aug 10 00:04:27 2007

Author: robert
Date: 2007-08-09 03:27:15 -0600 (Thu, 09 Aug 2007)
New Revision: 1075

Modified:
   trunk/logrorate.txt
Log:
Updated logrotate hint

Modified: trunk/logrorate.txt
===================================================================
--- trunk/logrorate.txt 2007-03-27 18:46:49 UTC (rev 1074)
+++ trunk/logrorate.txt 2007-08-09 09:27:15 UTC (rev 1075)
@@ -1,112 +1,147 @@
 AUTHOR:         Hugo S. Cardozo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
-DATE:   2007-03-24
-LICENSE:  GNU Free Documentation License Version 1.2
-SYNOPSIS:  Logrotate: Keep your log files tidy
-DESCRIPTION:  This hint will help you to install and configure
-  logrotate for your (B)LFS system
-ATTACHMENTS:  * popt-1.6.3
-    
ftp://slackware.cs.utah.edu/pub/slackware/slackware-10.1/source/l/popt/popt-1.7.tar.gz
-  * logrotate-3.6.8
-  
ftp://slackware.mirrors.tds.net/pub/slackware/slackware-10.1/source/a/logrotate/logrotate-3.6.8.tar.gz
+
+DATE:           2007-03-31
+
+LICENSE:        GNU Free Documentation License Version 1.2
+
+SYNOPSIS:       Logrotate: Keep your log files tidy
+
+DESCRIPTION:    This hint will help you to install and
+configure
+                logrotate for your (B)LFS system
+
+ATTACHMENTS:    * logrotate-3.6.8
+                  <mirrordeslackware>/logrotate-3.6.8.tar.gz
+
 PREREQUISITES:  LFS installed and running.
-  Optionally, (F)cron.
+                Popt-1.10.4
+                Optionally, (F)cron.
+
 HINT:
+
 Introduction
 ============
+
 Logrotate is an utility to take care of the log files of your system. It keeps
-track of the size of the log files, and "rotates" them when needed. That minds,
-the utility check the size of the files, an if one of them is larger than a
-certain size, the program performs some actions. That actione can be: backup
+track of the size of the log files, and "rotates" them when needed. That means
+the utility checks the size of the files, and if one of them is larger than a
+certain size, the program performs some actions. That action can be: backup
 and compress the file, remove it or mail it to an user, create a new empty
 log file, and others.
+
 Installation
 ============
-First, you need to compile and install popt-1.6.3. This is a library to
-manage command-line arguments.
-Unpack the tarball and cd into the popt sources:
- tar xzf popt-1.6.3.tar.gz
- cd popt-1.6.3
-Compile and install:
- ./configure --prefix=/usr && \
- make && make install
-Now you can compile logrotate. Unpack the tarball and cd:
- tar xzf logrotate-3.6.8.tar.gz
- cd logrotate-3.6.8
+
+First, you need to compile and install popt-1.10.4. The BLFS book includes
+the instructions for this. But, if for some (strange) reason you can`t get
+the popt-1.10.4 tarball, you can use popt-1.6.3 either, or (maybe) any later
+version.
+
+Now you can compile logrotate. Unpack the tarball and
+cd:
+        tar xzf logrotate-3.6.8.tar.gz
+        cd logrotate-3.6.8
 Compile:
- make
+        make 
 Optionally, run the test suite:
- make test
+        make test
 Install:
- make install
+        make install
+
 Configuration
 =============
+
 The command "logrotate" needs a config file, which must be passed as an
 argument to the command when executed. We will put that file in "/etc",
 and name it "logrotate.conf".
+
 Create the file with this command:
- cat >> /etc/logrotate.conf << EOF
- # Begin of /etc/logrotate.conf
- # Rotate log files weekly
- weekly
- 
- # No send mail to anybody
- nomail
- # If the log file is empty, it does not will be rotated
- notifempty
- # Number of backups that will be kept
- # This will keep the 2 newest backups only
- rotate 2
- 
- # Create new empty files after rotate old ones
- # This will create empty log files, with owner
- # set to root, group set to sys, and permissions 644
- create 0664 root sys
- # Compress the backups with gzip
- compress
- # RPM packages drop log rotation info in this directory,
- # so we include any file in it.
- include /etc/logrotate.d
- # End of /etc/logrotate.conf
- EOF
+        cat >> /etc/logrotate.conf << EOF
+        # Begin of /etc/logrotate.conf
+
+        # Rotate log files weekly
+        weekly
+        
+        # Don't send mail to anybody
+        nomail
+
+        # If the log file is empty, it will not be rotated
+        notifempty
+
+        # Number of backups that will be kept
+        # This will keep the 2 newest backups only
+        rotate 2
+        
+        # Create new empty files after rotate old ones
+        # This will create empty log files, with owner
+        # set to root, group set to sys, and permissions 644
+        create 0664 root sys
+
+        # Compress the backups with gzip
+        compress
+
+        # RPM packages drop log rotation info in this directory
+        # so we include any file in it.
+        include /etc/logrotate.d
+
+        # End of /etc/logrotate.conf
+        EOF
+
 Also, you can use the file "logrotate-default", which is in the logrotate
 sources, in the "examples" directory. I use some of the lines of that file
 in my example above.
+
 When installing sysklogd, the LFS book defines some predefined log files in
 "/etc/syslog.conf". We can rotate those files by adding their definitions to
 logrotate.conf. So, to add them, run this command:
- for logfile in $(find /var/log/* -type f); do
-  echo "$logfile {" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
-  echo "# If the log file is larger" \
-    "than 100kb, rotate it" >> /etc/logrotate.conf"
-  echo "  size=100k" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
-  echo "}" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
-  echo "" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
- done
-For details on configuring this file, see logrotate(8).
+        for logfile in $(find /var/log/* -type f); do
+                echo "$logfile {" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
+                echo "# If the log file is larger" \
+                  "than 100kb, rotate it" >> /etc/logrotate.conf"
+                echo "  size=100k" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
+                echo "}" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
+                echo "" >> /etc/logrotate.conf
+        done
 
+For details on editing this file, see logrotate(8).
+
+
 Logrotate as a Cron job
 =======================
+
 You can run logrotate just issuing "/usr/sbin/logrotate /etc/logrotate.conf"
 but in this case, you should run that command by yourself, every day (or
 week, or month...), if you want the program to work properly. This can be
 very annoying :-).
+
 Instead, you can run it as a cron job. For the further configuration,
 I will assume that you have installed Fcron from the BLFS book.
+
 Create a /etc/fcrontab file by issuing this command:
- cat >> /etc/fcrontab << EOF
- 0 12 * * * 0  /usr/sbin/logrotate /etc/logrotate.conf
- EOF
-This will make fcron execute logrotate once a week, in Sunday, at noon.
-For details on configuring fcrontab, refer to fcrontab(1).
-You will need the "check_system_crontabs" from the fcron sources. If you
-haven't installed it, do it by issuing:
- tar xzf fcron-3.0.1.tar.gz
- cp -v fcron-3.0.1/scripts/check_system_crontabs /usr/sbin
+        cat >> /etc/fcrontab << EOF
+        0 12 * * * 0    /usr/sbin/logrotate /etc/logrotate.conf
+        EOF
+This will make fcron execute logrotate once a week, on Sunday, at noon.
+For details on editing fcrontab, refer to fcrontab(1).
+
+You will need the "check_system_crontabs" script from the fcron sources. If
+you haven't installed it, do it by issuing:
+        tar xzf fcron-3.0.1.tar.gz
+        cp -v fcron-3.0.1/scripts/check_system_crontabs /usr/sbin
+
 Then run the script:
- check_system_crontabs -v
+        check_system_crontabs -v
 For help, type this:
- check_system_crontabs -h
- 
+        check_system_crontabs -h
 
-VERSION:        1.00
+
+ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
+        * Alexander E. Patrakov, for pointing me for the BLFS
+version of
+          popt (Before I used the popt included in Slackware 10.1)
+
+
+VERSION:        1.1
+
 CHANGELOG:      1.00 First release
+                1.1 Corrected popt section, fixed typos.

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